Response to Environmental Risks
Environmental Risk Management Structure
The Fujitsu Group built and operates a group-wide risk management system to identify, prevent, and mitigate a variety of potential risks, or prevent their recurrence, including issues related to climate change and environmental pollution. The Risk Management & Compliance Committee, which reports directly to the Board of Directors, has set up regional Risk Management & Compliance Committees, in addition to deploying Risk Management & Compliance Officers to each Fujitsu division and Group company in Japan and overseas, to build a structure where these organizations cooperate with each other to promote risk management and compliance throughout the Fujitsu Group, both in terms of preventing potential risks and responding to risks that have emerged. The Committee identifies, analyzes, and assesses key risks associated with the business activities of each Fujitsu division and Group company in Japan and overseas (focusing on 33 risks considered to be important to the Group), and formulates and reviews the countermeasures for these risks after confirming the status of countermeasures for avoiding, mitigating, transferring, or retaining them. The Committee makes regular reports to the Board of Directors about key risks that have been identified, analyzed and assessed, using methods such as the creation of visualized rankings and maps which take the degree of impact and likelihood of occurrence into account. In addition, we have put response processes into place in the event that risks become tangible, despite the implementation of various measures. Each division and Group company will immediately report to the Risk Management & Compliance Committee about any key risks that become tangible, such as natural disasters, accidents, product accidents or failures, system or service problems, compliance violations such as fraud, information security incidents, or environmental problems.
We also leverage the group’s Environmental Management System (EMS), which is based on ISO14001, for minimizing risks to the environment through continuous improvements.
Efforts to Minimize Risks to the Environment
Dealing with Risks Related to Climate Change
There is a possibility of significant impacts on our business continuity from increases in the frequency and effects of natural disasters as a result of recent climate changes. For that reason, we have formulated a business continuity plan and are devoting effort to continually revising and improving the plan.
Furthermore, the implementation of stricter regulations for greenhouse gas emissions and a carbon tax creates a risk of increasing the energy cost incurred by the Fujitsu Group, as well as the cost required for measures aimed at reducing greenhouse gases. Additionally, if climate change countermeasures are insufficient, there is a risk of harm to our corporate reputation or a disadvantage at bidding. In order to minimize these risks, we are conducting short-term, medium-term and long-term risk analysis/response within our company-wide risk management structure. Moreover, based on the FUJITSU Climate and Energy Vision, we are working to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050 and to contribute to mitigation/adaptation for climate change through business.
In accordance with the recommendations issued in 2017 by the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), the Fujitsu Group analyzes and discloses information related to risks accompanying climate change that may have an impact on business and financial strategies. Refer to the table below for the currently recognized potential major risks and responses.
Risks Associated with the Transition to a Low Carbon Economy, and Our Response to Them
|Policy/Legal Risks||● Risks: Increase in cost in order to respond to the strengthened laws and regulations on greenhouse gas emissions and energy use (such as a carbon tax), and diminished corporate value in the event of a violation.
○ Response: Complete compliance with laws and regulations through EMS. Continual reduction of the amount of GHG emissions through steady implementation of Science Based Targets and the Environmental Action Plan.
|Technology Risks||● Risk: Unrecovered investments and market share decline in the event that the company lags behind in a fierce competition in technological developments toward a carbon-free society (such as energy-saving performance and low-carbon services).
○ Response: Enhance development of energy-efficient products and energy-efficient enabling technologies, solutions, and services through steady implementation of Science Based Targets and our Environmental Action Plan.
|Market Risks||● Risk: Losing business opportunities if products, solutions, and services do not meet energy-saving performance needs.
○ Response: Enhance development of energy-efficient products and energy-efficient enabling technologies, solutions, and services through steady implementation of Science Based Targets and our Environmental Action Plans.
|Risks to Reputation||● Risk: Decline in corporate value and an increase in response costs associated with a negative assessment from stakeholders with regard to the response status of measures to counteract climate change (such as the percentage of renewable energy adoption).
○ Response: Enhance measures to counteract climate change and promote reduction of environmental footprint through steady achievement of the group's Science Based Targets and Environmental Action Plan.
Climate Change Related Risks in the Supply Chain, and Our Response to Them
|Upstream Supply Chain||● Risk: A temporary suspension of the suppliers' business activities due to the occurrence of severe natural disasters such as large-scale floods, sudden heavy downpours, and lightning strikes, which affects the procurement of materials.
○ Response: Conduct surveys of the business continuity capabilities of suppliers and implement measures to procure materials from multiple sources.
|Downstream Supply Chain||● Risk: Losing business opportunities due to the inability to obtain environmental labelling, which is a green procurement requirement of customers.
○ Response: Conduct trend surveys and risk assessments of the environmental labelling scheme. Develop and provide top-level energy-efficient products through steady implementation of Science Based Targets and our Environmental Action Plan.
Assessing and Monitoring of Potential Water Risks
In recent years, due to a tight demand-supply situation in many areas around the world because of water damage—such as flooding—and droughts that are caused by a variety of factors, including population growth and climate change, there is a growing concern that this issue may become a business risk. The Fujitsu Group conducts assessments of and monitors potential water risks for direct operations sites and supply chains.
Specifically, the Group uses tools and databases provided by NGOs and national and local governments to globally identify water stress conditions and natural disaster risks in regions where our business sites are located in accordance with RCP 4.5. We then comprehensively assess the water risk at each site by analyzing how important water use is in the business activities of each operations base, and we confirm the level of compliance in a variety of activities such as the reduction of water intake, measures to reduce pollution in wastewater, business continuity management (BCM) systems, and others. For the supply chain, we also assess our suppliers' flood preparedness and other water risks based on the supply chain BCM surveys, field surveys conducted according to the Responsible Business Alliance's (RBA) code of conduct and the CDP Supply Chain Program. As a result, we have confirmed that there are no significant risks that could substantially affect our business activities.
Physical Climate Risk Adaptation
Fujitsu have risk assessment systems that include Physical Climate risk in place in Japan, Oceania, Europe and cross regional department Global Delivery.
As physical risk is different based on the location, adaption is tailored to that specific location and risk, for example.
Fujitsu Australia and New Zealand has identified the main physical climate risks to our business in the region, which include short term weather events e.g. extreme heat, flooding, storm events, as well as long-term climatic impacts e.g. drought.
Key measures undertaken in Australia and New Zealand to adapt to climate risks have included:
- Extreme heat events
- Processes to ensure built-in redundancy of critical equipment and reliable operation of uninterruptable power sources in the event of grid-scale outages.
- Ensuring equipment is designed to tolerate extreme temperatures.
- Installing temporary cooling equipment (e.g. misting) to reduce ambient temperatures.
- Updating site-based procedures to assess business critical activities and evaluate which activities can be performed remotely in the short term.
- Turning off external air intakes to offices and data centres to limit smoke ingress.
- Deployment and maintenance of rainwater storage tanks at some sites.
- Use of recycled water where possible.
- Installing real-time water loggers at all Data Centres to monitor consumption trends and help inform water usage efficiency projects.
- Climate risk (e.g. extreme heat modelling) incorporated into assessment of siting of new data centres
Within Europe the climate risk is different to Oceania and a number of measures to adapt to climate change risk have been undertaken at a cost of over £1million in one London location showing the seriousness that we consider Climate impact and the commitment that we take protecting our continued service.
- Installing the infrastructure to enable the local water authority pumping equipment to use our Datacentre Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS) in the event of a flood
- Dredging the local lagoon to help it act as a water sink
Other examples of adaption based on Physical climate risk in specific locations
- Philippines, the Business Continuity Planning includes natural disaster events such a typhoons and monsoons and other extreme weather events
- Malaysia – Natural Disaster Prevention guidelines provides emergency contact details and advice for employees with their safety prevalent
Another example off adaption is the modernisation and cocreation of the Flood Warning System (working with the UK Environment Agency). A system that can issue flood warnings to citizens within 20 minutes. The flood warning service hosts more than 1.5 million registered properties, 2.9 million telephone numbers, 180,000 email addresses and 1.5 million registrations for mobile text alerts. Since its launch the flood warning system has sent more than 7 million messages across email, text, telephone and social media.
*Co-creating a flood warning system to alert citizens faster
Flooding Damage Impact Assessments Through Hazard Maps and Measures Against Flooding
Fujitsu and its domestic Group companies conduct impact assessments of flooding damage according to a rainfall scale with two types, depending on the magnitude of the impact on our business, as follows. We identify and assign rankings to business sites which will be highly impacted. If a business site falls under a level 4 impact ranking, we implement various measures.
In the future, when new assets are owned, we plan to implement necessary measures after conducting similar risk assessments.
[Assessment 1 Planned scale (Rainfall on a scale that occurs about once every 10-100 years)]
- Assessment subjects: 169 sites for Fujitsu, 280 sites for Group companies All owned properties and major leased properties (such as sales offices and data centers) in the Fujitsu Group
- Assessment method: We assess whether or not the site falls within the "estimated flood inundation area (planned scale)" for nearby rivers as established by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism or the prefectural government, as well as the extent of the impact within and outside the site and the impact of flooding on buildings.
We rank sites that were assessed as being impacted by flooding on a scale of 1 (minor impact) to 4 (major impact).
[Assessment 2 Assumed maximum scale (Rainfall on a scale that occurs about once every 1000 years)]
- Assessment subjects: Domestic data centers and business sites that will be heavily impacted by flooding (such as Fujitsu Solution Square (SS) and the Kawasaki factory)
- Assessment method: We conduct reassessments by upgrading the criteria to "estimated flood inundation area (assumed maximum scale)," and rank the sites on a four-point scale.
[Results for Assessment 1 and Assessment 2 *Only sites with an impact rank of 4 are shown below.]
(Assessment on a planned scale)
(Assessment on an assumed maximum scale)
|Fujitsu||Fujitsu SS||Impact rank 4||Impact rank 4||Impact rank 4|
|Fujitsu||Kawasaki factory||No impact||Impact rank 4||Impact rank 4|
|Group companies||No sites which fall under impact rank 4|
Preventing Water Pollution
In order to preserve the water quality of surrounding waterways, including rivers, groundwater and sewers, we have set voluntary controls that are even tougher than legal mandates, and conduct measurement and monitoring on a regular basis. We recover and recycle chemicals used in production processes, instead of discharging them into wastewater. We are also working to properly manage and reduce discharge of harmful substances and other regulated substances (COD, BOD, etc.) by ensuring appropriate chemical use, preventing chemical leaks and penetration, and properly managing the operations of water treatment and purification facilities, among other measures.
Preventing Air Pollution
We have set voluntary control values that are more stringent than legally mandated emissions standards in order to prevent air pollution and limit acid rain. Regular measurement and monitoring are conducted based on these controls. Efforts are also made to appropriately process dust and soot, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, and other harmful substances, and reduce emissions through measures including combustion management at facilities that produce soot and smoke, use of fuels with low sulfur content, and managing the operations of exhaust gas processing equipment. Furthermore, we have installed activated carbon adsorption treatment equipment and are reducing our atmospheric emissions of organic solvent vapors containing substances like VOCs. Moreover, with the enactment in April 2015 of the Act on Rational Use and Proper Management of Fluorocarbons, we have set in-house stipulations and striven for proper management of specified products (commercial refrigerators and air conditioners containing fluorocarbon refrigerants) while working to identify the volume of our fluorocarbon leakage.
In addition, emission of dioxins has been prevented by suspending use of all in-house incineration facilities as of January 2000.
Preventing Destruction of the Ozone Layer
By implementing a precision water-wash system and non-wash soldering technology, we have completely eliminated the use of ozone-depleting substances in manufacturing processes (parts washing and solvents). We have also implemented leakage countermeasures for refrigerant chlorofluorocarbons used in air conditioning facilities (freezers, etc.), and are switching to non-chlorofluorocarbon gas when updating facilities.
|Results for complete elimination of ozone-depleting substances|
|Ozone-depleting substances||Time of complete elimination|
|Washing chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-113, CFC-115)||End of 1992|
|Carbon tetrachloride||End of 1992|
|1,1,1-trichloroethane||End of October 1994|
|Alternative chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)||End of March 1999|
Preventing Pollution of Soil and Groundwater
We have established rules for soil and groundwater surveys, measures and disclosures. We review these in accordance with changes in the law and social circumstances and respond based on these rules. We systematically examine soil and groundwater, based on the rules, and if pollution is confirmed, we carry out cleanup and countermeasures at each plant according to the situation, while working together with government authorities to disclose information.
As of FY 2020, there are three business sites where soil and groundwater pollution from prior business activities have been confirmed. At those business sites, we have installed observation wells to observe effects outside the site due to groundwater pollution, while also working on purification measures through water-pumping aeration, etc.
Business Sites Where Soil or Groundwater Contamination Has Been Found
|Site Name||Location||Cleanup and Measure Execution Status||Maximum Value Found at Observation Well (mg/L)||Regulated Level
|Kawasaki Plant||Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture||We are continuing to clean up VOCs by pumping and aeration||1, 2-dichloroethylene||2.4||0.04|
|Oyama Plant||Oyama City, Tochigi Prefecture||We are continuing to clean up VOCs by pumping and aeration.||Trichloroethylene||0.175||0.03|
|FDK Washizu Plant||Kosai City, Shizuoka Prefecture||We are continuing to clean up VOCs by pumping and aeration.||Cis-1, 2-dichloroethylene||0.6||0.04|
Chemical Substance Control
To prevent pollution of the natural environment or damage to health due to the use of harmful chemical substances, we are controlling the use of some 1,300 substances using our original Chemical Information System called "FACE" and working to appropriately control and reduce emissions at our business sites.
With regard to chemical substances included in products, we have determined banned substances according to regulations in Japan and worldwide and are working to thoroughly control them, not only inside the Group but also with business partners who deliver materials and products to us.
Appropriately Processing Waste
We regularly carry out on-site audits in order to confirm that subcontractors are appropriately handling the waste processing tasks we entrust to them.
In addition, with regard to high concentration polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) waste (transformers and condensers) processing, we have registered with the Japan Environmental Storage & Safety Corporation (JESCO), which handles temporary storage and disposal of PCB waste under government supervision, and are carefully carrying out processing based on JESCO plans.
In properly assessing the Fujitsu Group’s expected future environmental liabilities, and communicating our integrity and corporate stance of not deferring our liabilities, we have recorded liabilities of 2.72 billion yen in soil pollution cleanup costs, high-level polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) waste disposal costs, and asbestos processing costs during facilities demolition, which is the amount we calculate, as of the end of FY 2020, to be necessary for the Fujitsu Group to conduct these tasks domestically in the next fiscal year and beyond.
Recognizing that our business activities benefit from the riches of the Earth’s biodiversity, while at the same time impacting it, the Fujitsu Group considers the conservation of biodiversity to be an important issue, and formulated the Fujitsu Group Biodiversity Action Principles in October 2009. We promote them based on the two pillars of reducing the impact of our business activities on biodiversity and contributing to the creation of a society that conserves biodiversity, and implement various policies to conserve biodiversity through leveraging ICT and other means. In addition, we established “visualizing and reducing the impact of corporate activities on ecosystems and on biodiversity” as a target in our Environmental Action Plan (Stage X).
- Policy Example 1: Project for Recognizing Blakiston’s Fish Owl Vocalizations
We offer vocal recognition software used for habitat surveys of Blakiston’s fish owls, which are an endangered species. The software helps the surveys to be more efficient by automatically extracting their cries, greatly reducing the time for analysis.
- Policy Example 2: Support for the Harapan Rainforest (Forest of Hope)
We provided support for reforestation activities in the Harapan Rainforest (Forest of Hope) on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Through the introduction of ICT, we greatly improved the efficiency of patrols in the forest, contributing to forest conservation.
- Policy Example 3: Activities to Make Tsushima, An Island Facing a Severe Plastic Waste Pollution Problem, Greener
We conducted eco-tours sponsored by Fujitsu Limited and conducted by Fujitsu Group employees. We also held a coastal cleanup and an ideathon to come up with solutions to local issues.