K computer
The K computer, which is being jointly developed by RIKEN and Fujitsu, is part of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure (HPCI) initiative led by Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Configuration of the K computer began at the end of September 2010, with availability for shared use scheduled for 2012. The "K computer" is the nickname RIKEN has been using for the supercomputer of this project since July 2010. "K" comes from the Japanese Kanji character "Kei" which means ten peta or 10 to the 16th power. The logo for the K computer based on the Japanese character for Kei, was selected in October 2010. In its original sense, "Kei" expresses a large gateway, and it is hoped that the system will be a new gateway to computational science.
A program developed by J. Dongarra, Ph.D., of the University of Tennessee, for solving a system of linear equations using matrix computation.
 TOP500 list
The TOP500 list is a project that periodically ranks the 500 fastest supercomputers in the world, using LINPACK as a benchmark. The project, begun in 1993, publishes current rankings twice a year (in June and November).
 "Grand Challenge" application software development project
A project launched by MEXT in fiscal 2006 to develop application software to make use of the K computer in areas such as nanotechnology and life sciences. Pioneering applications are currently being developed and tested in anticipation of the official public availability of the K computer in 2012.
 The HPCI strategic programs
A MEXT program (fiscal 2011 to fiscal 2015) to promote R&D using the K computer and other high-performance computing infrastructure (HPCI) resources and to establish a computing technology environment in a number of strategic fields that require powerful computing resources and which are anticipated to lead to major breakthroughs in society and academia. This chart shows the strategic fields and the organizations responsible for implementing each.
RIKEN is Japan's flagship research institute devoted to basic and applied research. Over 2500 papers by RIKEN researchers are published every year in reputable scientific and technical journals, covering topics ranging across a broad spectrum of disciplines including physics, chemistry, biology, medical science and engineering. RIKEN's advanced research environment and strong emphasis on interdisciplinary collaboration has earned itself an unparalleled reputation for scientific excellence in Japan and around the world. For more information, please see: http://www.riken.jp/.
Fujitsu is the leading Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company offering a full range of technology products, solutions and services. Over 170,000 Fujitsu people support customers in more than 100 countries. We use our experience and the power of ICT to shape the future of society with our customers. Fujitsu Limited (TSE:6702) reported consolidated revenues of 4.5 trillion yen (US$55 billion) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011. For more information, please see http://www.fujitsu.com
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Date: 02 November, 2011
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