Research Fellow Hiroshi Hamasaki
After the historic loss by President Obama’s Democratic Party in the midterm election, we can no longer count on the USA’s efforts towards dealing with global warming or its proactive involvement in international cooperation. Moreover, judging from the results of the Fifteenth Conference of the Parties under the United Nations’ Climate Change Convention (COP15), held in Copenhagen last year, top-down efforts centred around COP negotiations are likely to stagnate. On the other hand, bilateral cooperation between pairs of countries or areas, i.e. bottom-up cooperation, will become more and more active in the future. Such Free Trade Agreements (FTA) are supplemental to the WTO, which is essentially the same as saying that they fill a pivotal role in countries’ trade strategies.
In this research, I look at linking Japan with other Asian countries as an option for a bottom-up approach and evaluate the benefit of such linkages from economic and environmental perspectives by using a dynamic CGE (Computable General Equilibrium) model.