Senior Research Fellow
Countermeasures against empty homes can largely be divided into two categories: the removal of problematic structures and the utilization of usable structures. This study first analyses current case studies and then discusses future issues with these two types of measures.
In terms of empty home removal, the establishment of empty home management bylaws is proceeding, and a bill of empty homes countermeasures is also expected to be instituted. This means that owners will continue to be encouraged to remove their own empty buildings as a basic rule. However, ownerless empty structures are predicted to increase rapidly in the near future, necessitating some kind of legal recourse for the prompt removal of such abandoned buildings. Ultimately, in order to maintain the habitability of residential areas in light of Japan’s declining population, this issue may develop into one of how much money it will take to demolish dangerous empty buildings and buildings whose owners are unable to have them demolished.
In terms of making use of empty homes, considering the necessity of compact cities in the future, it is impossible to use all empty homes, meaning that the areas in which they can be used will naturally be limited. By pouring financial support into such areas, residents and entrepreneurs will be drawn in, and the region will be revitalized as well. Supplying rent subsidies would also be an effective way of using empty homes as substitutes for public housing projects.