Growing "urbanisation" is creating considerable challenges in terms of mobility. According to a United Nations survey it is predicted that by 2050 about 64% of the developing world and 86% of the developed world will be urbanised.
Mobility is an essential aspect of life in the city. It has a major effect on the quality of life and it is key to the economic health of cities. But the reality is, unfortunately, that mobility systems in major cities are under strain. It has been documented that urban areas account for 80% of CO2 emissions, a large part of which is generated by transport. In the face of challenges such as demographic increase, poverty concentration, social polarisation, pollution and climate change, major cities around the globe (where most of us are expected to live in future) need to develop new, more sustainable forms of mobility in order to continue to be drivers of growth. Better urban planning, changes in individual behaviors, induced and supported by new technologies are viewed as possible answers to these challenges.
These challenges have solutions in sight. Already there are some positive initiatives and a technological dynamism that we can touch and feel today. Clearly we are in the middle of a technological transition;
- We see emerging new types of vehicles powered by alternative fuels such as natural gas, electricity or hydrogen, and that could also contribute to reducing the environmental impact of transport.
- Sharing modes for vehicles and parking that can contribute to changing the way people move through the city are being established.
- There is interest in aggregating and analysing real-time urban road traffic and multi public transportation data to provide passengers with more useful and meaningful experiences of journeys with less stress. (Unfortunately, we still depend on timetable-based transit information and not-real-time updated public transportation operational data.)
Fujitsu strongly believes that a key initiative to realise Smart Mobility is the data integration and analytic capability allowing the visualisation of "what's happening now" and the predictive determination of "what might happen and what needs to be done next". This could be accomplished by aggregating vast amount of data from multiple sources, and generating new real-time information that users can act upon.
Improved public transport systems can help connect urban areas while realising multimodal-shift with reduced energy and cost, while satisfying the needs of the public transportation users and providing advanced management tools for urban transportation management.
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