Our understanding of outer space is limited. There are a variety of theories on how the distant stars, galaxies, galactic clusters, black holes and supernova were born. However, it is impossible with current technologies for researchers to fly out from the Earth and research the distant stars and galaxies to verify these theories.
Researchers therefore use high-performance equipment such as large telescopes and space probes to observe space. In addition, researchers use computer simulations to validate their theories. However, the scope of these simulations (number of stars, speed) is limited by computational power available. Supercomputers offering higher levels of performance can give researchers more detailed insights into the various phenomena of space.
Today's supercomputers are already exploring various theories on the birth, development and future of galaxies. Ultimately, this will give researchers a better understanding of the Earth's formation and about human evolution into the distant future.
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