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Manufacturing Processes

The engineering process in manufacturing and treating material for PCBs is the primary factor determining the quality of final Printed Circuit Boards. Sophic provides the best available engineering processes in each of their production plants. Each engineer they employ is an expert and an innovator in the field of Printed Circuit Board Production. Each worker on their lines is carefully trained in precision management of the machines and materials he or she works with.

Their processes are transparent to customers. You can see an outline of each step on Manufacturing PCBs below.

Standard Default Criteria for PCBs material and Processing:

IPC Standard Inspection and test criteria will be based upon IPC-A-600 and IPC-6012, Class 2 unless otherwise specified on customer drawings or specifications.
Markings Customers can specify the Marking. Default marking is Sophic factory's marking
Laminate Single side boards: FR-1, FR-2 or FR-4 glass epoxy laminate per IPC-41011 with a minimum Tg 110 C. Starting clad copper weight to be 1 OZ / FT 2 minimum.
Double sided plated-through boards: King Board, FR-4 glass epoxy laminate per IPC-4101 with a minimum Tg of 130°C. Starting clad copper weight to be 0.5 OZ / FT 2 minimum.
Multilayer boards: King Board, FR-4 copper-clad glass-epoxy ( tine core ) and laminateand material ( prepreg ) per IPC-4101with a minimum Tg of 135 C Starting clad copper weight to be 1 OZ / FT 2 minimum on all internal layers and 0.5 OZ / FT 2 minimum on external layers.
Copper Plating Holes with copper pads on both sides are to be copper plated through. Copper plating thickness will be in accordance with IPC-6012, Class 2 (0.0008" avg. minimum thickness). When copper pads on artwork are smaller or the same size as the corresponding finished holes, SCT will regard the hole as not requiring plating.
HASL Copper features exposed by PCB Solder Mask, except nickel / gold plated edge contacts, will be coated by Hot Air Solder Leveling (HASL). SCT monitors the HASL processes to ensure that boards meet the solderability requirements of IPC6012 class 2.
Nickel/gold
Plated surfaces
Nickel/gold plated surfaces: For contact surfaces: a minimum thickness of 0.8 gold over 150 nickel; and for solderable surfaces.
Holes
Dimensional
Finished plated through hole size tolerances will be in accordance with IPC-D-300, Class 2: Finished holes up to 0.032" ... 0.003" Finished holes from 0.033" to 0.063" ... 0.004" Finished holes from 0.064" and larger ... 0.006".
Board Size Max. Board Size 864 x 610 mm (34" x 24")
Solder mask Green Liquid Photo Imageable Solder Mask (LPI) will be applied over bare copper traces. The mask material will comply with IPC-SM-840 Type B, Class II. Unless specifically prohibited by the customer.
Comp. Mark When required, nomenclature will be printed on the component side of the board with white non-conductive epoxy ink or acryl equivalent.
Bow and twist Bow and twist will not exceed 0.75% for boards bearing surface SMT mount components, and 1.5% for all other boards.
Others Unless otherwise specified, thickness tolerances will be 10% of the finished board thickness, not including surface copper.